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What is the climate like in Finland?

The climate of Finland has an average yearly temperature of 9°C. Throughout the year, the average monthly temperature can drop to -4°C and rise to 21°C.

Annually, about 885 mm of rain falls. This gives a good overview of how much rain to expect in Finland. Additionally, about 90 cm of snow falls each year.

The best time to visit Finland is July and August. During this period, you will experience pleasant temperatures and not too much rain, making it ideal to visit Finland.

Temperature -4 to 21°C
Rain 885 mm
Snow 90 cm

ExcellentStarStarStarStarStar

The weather was exactly what I expected: cold, sun and the o... more

Mandy

GoodStarStarStarStar

Cool days with clear blue skies interspersed with drizzle. H... more

Pieter Veens

The climate of Finland
  • Average yearly temperature: 9°C
  • Highest temperature: 21°C in July
  • Lowest temperature: -4°C in January
  • Precipitation: 885 mm per year, averaging 74 mm by month
  • Driest months: 43 mm in March, April and 49 mm in September
  • Wettest months: 122 mm in June, 102 mm in November and 88 mm in January
  • Snowfall: 90 cm per year

Climate table Finland

The climate table for Finland shows the average temperatures, precipitation, snowfall, and UV index by month.

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daytime temperature (°C) -4 -3 2 8 15 20 21 20 14 7 3 0
Nighttime temperature (°C) -9 -9 -5 -1 5 11 13 12 8 3 0 -4
Precipitation (mm) 88 67 43 43 80 122 69 80 49 65 102 77
Snowfall (cm) 25 17 8,7 4,4 1,4 0 0 0 0 2,5 9,1 22
UV Index 0 1 2 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 1 0
Best month No No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No

Temperature by month in Finland

This graph shows the average high temperatures in degrees Celsius for each month in Finland

Temperature by month in Finland

Precipitation by month in Finland

This graph shows the average monthly precipitation in millimeters in Finland.

Precipitation by month in Finland

Snowfall by month in Finland

This graph shows the average snowfall in centimeters by month in Finland.

Snowfall by month in Finland

UV index by month in Finland

This graph shows the average UV index by month in Finland.

UV index by month in Finland

Yearly temperature in Finland

This graph shows the average yearly temperature in Finland, measured in degrees Celsius.

Yearly temperature in Finland

Yearly total precipitation in Finland

This graph shows the average yearly precipitation in millimeters in Finland.

Precipitation per year in Finland

Yearly snowfall in Finland

This graph shows the average yearly snowfall in Finland, measured in centimeters.

Snowfall per year in Finland

More climate information about Finland

Finland, located in northern Europe, is known for its unique and varied climate. The country generally has cold winters and relatively mild summers. The average winter temperature is around -5 to -15 degrees Celsius, depending on the region, while the summer months average temperatures of 15 to 25 degrees Celsius. As for precipitation, Finland receives an average of about 600 to 700 millimeters per year, with most precipitation falling in late summer and autumn. Snowfall varies considerably by region, with significant amounts in the north.

The climate in Finland can be classified as a boreal climate or a subarctic climate. This type of climate is characterized by long, cold winters and short, mild summers. The country's northern location and the influence of the Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea are important factors influencing Finland's climate.

Southern Finland

In southern Finland, including the capital Helsinki, winters are milder compared to the rest of the country, with average temperatures around -5 degrees Celsius and snowfall of about 20 to 30 cm. Summers are pleasantly warm with averages around 20 degrees Celsius. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, with an annual amount of about 600 to 700 mm and a slight peak in the summer months.

West Finland

West Finland, with cities such as Turku and Tampere, has similar temperatures to southern Finland, but with slightly more precipitation, about 700 to 800 mm per year. Snowfall here is around 20 to 40 cm. This is due to its proximity to the sea, which provides more moisture in the air.

Eastern Finland

In Eastern Finland, including cities such as Joensuu and Kuopio, winters are slightly harsher with temperatures that can drop to -20 degrees Celsius and snowfall of around 30 to 50 cm. Summers are slightly cooler than in the south and west. Precipitation is also slightly lower here, with about 600 to 700 mm annually.

Lapland

Lapland, in northern Finland, has a subarctic climate. Winters are long and severe with temperatures often dipping below -20 degrees Celsius and snowfall that can reach 60 to 90 cm, sometimes even over 100 cm in some areas. Summer is short but surprisingly mild, with temperatures sometimes reaching 20 degrees Celsius. Precipitation here is the lowest in Finland, with about 500 to 600 mm per year.

Åland Islands

The Åland Islands, located in the Baltic Sea, have a slightly milder maritime climate. Winters here are less severe, with average temperatures of -3 to 1 degrees Celsius and snowfall of about 10 to 30 cm. Summers are cool and pleasant with average temperatures of 15 to 20 degrees Celsius. These islands receive about 500 to 600 mm of precipitation annually and more sunshine hours than the rest of Finland, especially in the summer.

The climate in Finland is thus very diverse, with significant differences between different regions. These variations are largely due to the geographical distribution of the country, the influence of the surrounding seas and the northern latitude.

Weather experiences in Finland

The weather in Finland is rated an average of 3,7 out of 5 stars by 6 visitors.

Write your own review
Weather Experience: Excellent StarStarStarStarStar

The weather was exactly what I expected: cold, sun and the occasional snow shower. Fortunately I was able to dress for the cold with a few layers of thermal clothing and even with a good jacket the snow was fine. A special experience was that even the sea was frozen stiff!— This text has been automatically translated into English

Weather Experience: Good StarStarStarStar

Cool days with clear blue skies interspersed with drizzle. However, it was the perfect atmosphere for the stunning autumn colors. Definitely an unforgettable experience.— This text has been automatically translated into English

Weather Experience: Poor StarStar

Heavy snowfall and sub-zero temperatures are an extreme experience for winter enthusiasts. Make sure you are well prepared and packed if you take on this challenge.— This text has been automatically translated into English

Weather Experience: Good StarStarStarStar

With meters of snow and temperatures around -15 degrees Celsius, it is the perfect winter vacation. The skies were clear and the northern lights were breathtaking. However, be prepared for cold temperatures and low daylight.— This text has been automatically translated into English

Weather Experience: Moderate StarStarStar

The weather was constantly changing; Rain, sun and cold nights. You have to be prepared for anything. Yet the unique charm of Finland compensates for the strange weather conditions.— This text has been automatically translated into English

Weather Experience: Good StarStarStarStar

It was warmer than expected (a few degrees below zero), so we did not suffer from the cold. Unfortunately it was cloudy all the time, so we did not get to see the northern lights.— This text has been automatically translated into English

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Average weather in Finland by month

Click on a month below to see in detail how the weather typically is in Finland and what to expect. Based on the historical weather data of Finland, you can view the average temperature, precipitation, wind, and UV index for each day of the month.